Crafting the Perfect Biltong: A Time-Honored Recipe

Biltong, a beloved South African delicacy, is not just a snack but a cultural icon. Its origins can be traced back to the indigenous Khoikhoi and San peoples, who used drying techniques to preserve meat in the harsh African climate. Today, biltong has evolved into a gourmet treat enjoyed worldwide. Crafting the perfect biltong requires a blend of traditional methods and modern techniques, resulting in a savory, tender, and flavorful snack. In this article, we’ll explore the art of making biltong, step by step, to create your mouthwatering batch at home.

Ingredients: To begin your biltong-making journey, gather the following ingredients:

  • 2-3 pounds of lean beef (such as sirloin or rump)
  • 1 cup of brown sugar
  • 1 cup of coarse salt
  • Two tablespoons of whole coriander seeds
  • Two tablespoons of black peppercorns
  • One tablespoon of bicarbonate of soda
  • 1 cup of vinegar (malt or apple cider vinegar works well)
  • Optional: Worcestershire sauce, chili flakes, garlic powder, and other spices for added flavor


  1. Prepare the Meat:
    • Start by selecting high-quality, lean beef. Trim off any excess fat and sinew.
    • Cut the beef into strips, about 1 inch wide and ¼ inch thick. For a tender biltong, slice the meat against the grain.
    • Place the beef strips in a non-metallic container.
  2. Prepare the Marinade:
    • In a separate bowl, mix the brown sugar, coarse salt, coriander seeds, black peppercorns, and bicarbonate of soda. This mixture forms the base of your biltong marinade.
    • Add any optional spices or flavorings to customize the marinade according to your preference.
    • Pour the vinegar over the spice mixture and stir until well combined.
  3. Marinate the Meat:
    • Pour the marinade over the beef strips, ensuring that each piece is thoroughly coated.
    • Cover the container and refrigerate for at least 4 hours, or preferably overnight. This allows the flavors to penetrate the meat and tenderize it.
  4. Prepare for Drying:
    • After marinating, remove the beef strips from the container and pat them dry with paper towels to remove excess moisture.
    • If desired, sprinkle additional black pepper or coriander seeds on the surface of the meat for extra flavor.
  5. Hang to Dry:
    • Traditionally, biltong is air-dried in a cool, well-ventilated space. To replicate this process at home, you’ll need a biltong box or a dedicated drying area.
    • Hang the beef strips from hooks or skewers inside the biltong box, making sure they are spaced apart to allow for proper airflow.
    • Close the box and let the meat dry for 3-5 days, depending on your desired level of dryness and the ambient temperature and humidity. The ideal conditions for drying biltong are around 50-60°F (10-15°C) with low humidity.
  6. Check for Doneness:
    • Throughout the drying process, periodically check the biltong for readiness. The meat should be firm to the touch and have a deep red color.
    • To test for doneness, slice into a piece of biltong. It should be dry but still slightly tender, with no traces of moisture in the center.
  7. Store and Enjoy:
    • Once the biltong is fully dried, please remove it from the biltong box and allow it to cool completely.
    • Store the biltong in an airtight container or vacuum-sealed bags to preserve its freshness.
    • Biltong can be enjoyed as a snack on its own, paired with cheese and crackers, or used as a flavorful addition to salads, sandwiches, and other dishes.

Crafting the perfect biltong is a labor of love that pays homage to South Africa’s rich culinary heritage. By following this time-honored recipe and mastering the art of drying meat, you can create your delicious batch of biltong at home. Whether enjoyed as a snack or incorporated into various recipes, biltong is sure to delight your taste buds and transport you to the heart of Africa with every savory bite.

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